Capital Gains Tax Calculator

Capital gains tax is charged on the profit made from selling a non-inventory asset, such as stocks or property, when the sale price exceeds the purchase price. The rate at which this profit is taxed depends on how long the asset was held before being sold. Profits from assets held for over a year are typically taxed at a lower, long-term rate, while those from assets sold within a year are taxed at the standard income tax rate. In the U.S., there are exclusions and deductions that can reduce the amount of capital gains tax owed, such as the exclusion on capital gains from the sale of a personal residence up to a certain amount. Understanding capital gains tax is essential for effective financial and investment planning.

Capital Gains Tax Calculator for Landlords

Property Details

Expense Details

Personal Details

Calculated Tax Liability


How to use our Capital Gains Tax Calculator?

Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to use the calculator effectively.

Step 1: Gather Your Documents

Before you start, collect the necessary documentation related to your property’s purchase and sale, improvement costs, ownership expenses, personal income details, and any applicable exemptions or reliefs. Having this information on hand will streamline the process.

Step 2: Enter Property Details

  • Purchase Date: Input the date you acquired the property.
  • Sale Date: Input the date you sold (or would sell) the property.
  • Purchase Price: Enter the total cost of acquiring the property. Include the purchase price and all associated costs, such as transfer fees, legal fees, and inspection costs.
  • Selling Price: Enter the total revenue (or expected revenue) from the sale before subtracting any taxes.

Step 3: Input Improvement Costs

Enter all capital expenditures made to improve the property throughout your ownership. This step helps calculate the adjusted cost basis of your property.

Step 4: Account for Expenses

  • Selling Expenses: Enter costs directly associated with the sale, including real estate commissions, advertising costs, and legal fees.
  • Ownership Costs (if applicable to the Capital Gains Tax): Include deductible ownership expenses such as property taxes and maintenance costs.

Step 5: Provide Personal Details

Input your tax filing status and annual income level. These factors determine your applicable capital gains tax rate.

Step 6: Incorporate Exemptions and Reliefs

If you qualify for exemptions or reliefs, like the Private Residence Relief, include these details to calculate the taxable amount accurately.

Step 7: Include Historical Data

Input any past capital losses that can be carried over to offset against current capital gains as applicable.

Review and Calculate

After entering all the necessary information:

  • Double-check your inputs for accuracy.
  • Click the “Calculate” button.

Final Steps:

  • Consider any suggested tax planning strategies the calculator provides to lower your future tax liabilities potentially.
  • Consult with a tax professional to validate the calculator’s estimates and discuss your specific situation.

Important: Remember that our calculator provides an estimate based on your inputs. Tax laws and rates may change, so speak with a local tax professional to get the most accurate advice and calculations.

Inputs and Outputs Explained


Property Details

Purchase Date

The purchase date is the date when you bought the property. This date determines the length of property ownership, which can affect the calculation of capital gains tax as it relates to short-term and long-term capital gains.

Sale Date

The sale date is when the property was sold. The sale date, along with the purchase date, helps calculate the period of ownership. The length of ownership can impact your capital gains tax rate.

Purchase Price

The purchase price is the amount paid to acquire the property, including all associated buying costs such as legal fees, transfer fees, and stamp duties. The purchase price forms the base cost for calculating capital gains.

Selling Price

The selling price is the total amount you sold (or would sell) the property for before subtracting any related sale expenses. The selling price and purchase price are used to calculate the gross capital gain.

Improvement Costs

Improvement costs include expenses incurred for improvements that add to the property’s value, prolong its life, or adapt it for new uses. These costs are added to the purchase price to adjust the property’s cost basis, which can reduce your capital gains tax liability.

Expense Details

Selling Expenses

Selling expenses are the costs directly related to the sale of your property, such as advertising, real estate agent’s commissions, and legal fees. These are subtracted from the selling price to accurately determine the capital gain amount.

Ownership Costs

Ownership costs are expenses incurred during the period of ownership that the IRS allows you to deduct for capital gains tax purposes. These may include property taxes and maintenance costs, depending on your jurisdiction’s tax laws.

Personal Details

Tax Filing Status

Your filing status (e.g., single or married filing jointly) is necessary to determine the appropriate capital gains tax rate, as tax rates and allowances may vary based on filing status.

Income Level

The landlord’s annual income directly influences the capital gains tax rate. Higher income levels may be subject to higher capital gains tax rates.

Exemptions and Reliefs

Any capital gains tax reliefs or exemptions for which you’re eligible. These can significantly reduce or even eliminate your capital gains tax liability.

Historical Data

Information on past capital losses that can be carried forward and offset current-year capital gains, potentially reducing your taxable gain.


Gross Capital Gain

The gross capital gain is the difference between the selling price and the adjusted purchase price (purchase price plus improvement costs minus depreciation, if applicable). It represents the initial figure before deductions or exemptions are applied.

Net Capital Gain

The amount remaining after subtracting allowable expenses, exemptions, and reliefs from the gross capital gain represents the capital gain subject to taxation.

Taxable Amount

This is the portion of the net capital gain that will be taxed after accounting for any available tax deductions and allowances. It is the actual amount subject to capital gains tax.

Capital Gains Tax Liability

The total amount of capital gains tax owed on the taxable amount. This calculation considers the applicable tax rates based on the landlord’s income level and filing status.

Effective Tax Rate

This is the percentage of the net capital gain that goes towards paying capital gains tax. It provides an overview of the tax burden relative to the gain.

Take-Home Amount

The final amount the landlord is left with after all expenses and taxes are paid. This figure provides a clear picture of the financial outcome of the property sale.

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