Landlords are one of the few groups of people who are able to ask how much money someone makes without committing a social faux pas. And rightly so, since landlords need to verify that a new renter will actually be able to afford the rent they’re charging each month as part of the tenant screening process.
A landlord will likely ask for several income verification documents on the rental application. Before handing over the keys to their swanky rental unit, they will also want to verify the provided proof of rent letter along with the rest of the applicant’s income documentation to protect themselves from fraud.
Keep reading to discover how to demonstrate proof of income along with a free proof of rent letter downloadable.
What is Proof of Income for Rental Applications?
Proof of income is a document or set of documents providing verification of an individual’s wages or earnings.
This documentation is used by landlords in order to determine a tenant’s ability to pay rent. By evaluating a tenant’s monthly income, job status, past payment history, and debt status, landlords will be able to determine if the candidate is a safe choice to fill their rental.
By seeing a renter’s proof of income, landlords can calculate the rent-to-income ratio to see if the applicant would be a good fit for their property. A good rule of thumb is requiring 30% of gross income as a maximum percentage. On top of this, landlords should also run a comprehensive credit check to make sure a potential tenant has a history of making payments on time.
10 Ways to Verify Proof of Income for Rental Applications
1. Income Statement (W-2)
A W-2 is an IRS tax form that must be completed by employers for each of their employees. Employers report total annual wages paid on this form. This is a valuable way to get a full picture of a tenant’s overall income status as it depicts a full year’s worth of salary. A W-2 also serves as proof of employment for rental applications.
2. Miscellaneous Income (1099-MISC)
A 1099-MISC is used to report various types of income someone may receive throughout the year for non-salary positions. Independent contractors and self-employed individuals use this form. A 1099-MISC form can also be a useful way to show proof of income for anyone that earns money from an asset or royalties.
3. Bank Statements
A bank statement for rental applications can be used to show a history of steady deposits or to shed light on any dangerous spending habits. Many tenants may find this method of information verification a bit intrusive as they might not want to show you their spending habits. However, there are other ways to verify an applicant’s income for those who feel a bank statement is too personal.
4. Pay Stubs
A pay stub, also known as a paycheck or pay slip, is received by employees each pay period and shows their net take-home pay. Pay stubs are easy proof of income for rental applications, but they’re also easy for renters to forge. Look out for perfectly rounded numbers, alignment issues, and the use of O’s instead of 0’s when attempting to spot a fake pay stub.
5. Employment Verification for Apartment Renting
A letter of employment verification for apartment or unit renting is a valid method to use when showing a landlord that an applicant has a stable income and also that this income will remain steady over the lease term. Employees can request an employment verification letter directly from their employer. To streamline the process, an individual may consider downloading a template and bringing it to the employer. Continue reading this article, and you’ll find our free downloadable employment verification for apartment renting below!
6. Federal Income Tax Return (IRS 1040)
The IRS Form 1040 has a section to report annual income. This document gives an accurate picture of a tenant’s annual income as it shows all sources of income, including income from assets and non-salaried positions. A tenant can request a photocopy of the form or a computer transcript of the information through the IRS.
7. Social Security Benefits Statement
A Benefit Verification Letter is an official letter from the Social Security Administration (SSA). This letter outlines the monthly benefits income received by the applicant, and it’s a great way for individuals who receive retirement, disability, or Supplemental Security Income (SSI) benefits to prove income.
8. Workers’ Compensation Letter
Workers’ compensation provides lost wages and medical benefits to employees who are injured on the job. An individual receiving workers’ compensation can provide a letter detailing lost wage compensation as verifiable income. It is important to note that while this letter can show steady income for a short period of time, these benefits tend to end eventually.
9. Bonus and Incentive Payments
For renters who have commission-based jobs such as real estate agents, another option would be to show documents related to their bonus and incentive payments. Sometimes commission-based jobs do not have consistent payments, which is why it’s important to see if they can afford and be able to pay the rent on time every month.
10. Unemployment Statement
An unemployment statement can be a convenient way for renters who are out of a job to show proof of income. All renters need to do is provide the statement sent by the state unemployment office. Unemployment funds are guaranteed money, but landlords should still check the dates on the statement to see how long the benefits are set to last.
Do Tenants Fake Income Verification for Apartments?
Because it is easier than ever to create fake documents online, some tenants, unfortunately, create fake income verification documents. Tenants can create fake pay stubs in about one minute using various free or inexpensive online tools. That’s why it’s crucial for a landlord to do their due diligence when reviewing income verification documents and maintain a robust tenant screening process.
Verifiable Income Recommendations for Landlords
Obviously, there is no need for landlords to require ten different income verification documents. Depending on the monthly rent, landlords should ask for two to three proof of income documents.
For individuals who are currently working, it makes the most sense to ask to see several pay stubs or a W-2 and a tax return. For elderly renters, a landlord will need to verify a Social Security Benefits Statement, and for injured workers, a Workers Compensation Letter. For expensive rentals, landlords may also want to consider asking for a bank statement.
Proof of Income Letter for Apartment [Printable]
Here is a handy template that landlords can download and give to their tenants to have employers fill out. You can include this form along with the rest of the lease paperwork for your new tenants to sign.
Download a Proof of Income Letter
Our letter is in a pdf format, and easy to print and fill out.
It is crucial for landlords to not only ask for proof of income documents from renters but to also look out for fake income verification documents. TurboTenant offers a number of tools to make this process easier for both landlords and renters. In fact, TurboTenant landlords can find a standard rental application and screen tenants for free.
FAQ About Proof of Income
What documents do I need to rent an apartment?
Along with documents that verify your identity, you’ll need to provide evidence that you can pay the monthly rent as outlined in the unit listing, which could include employment verification for apartment rentals, pay stubs, unemployment benefit summaries, etc.
How to show proof of income for rental applications if paid in cash?
If a renter is unable to provide bank statements or pay stubs due to cash payments, providing your tax documents that show your annual income should suffice along with one of the other ways we listed above.
How do I show proof of income without pay stubs?
If you don’t have pay stubs to show proof of income, there are a variety of other ways you can do it, including employee letters, a W-2, bank statements, and more. Landlords and renters should communicate during this process to ensure the right documents are provided and accepted.
Why do landlords ask for bank statements?
Landlords ask for bank statements as a way to verify that a potential tenant has the funds available to make monthly rent payments.
Do apartments call your employer?
Can you use unemployment as proof of income for an apartment?
Yes, renters can use unemployment documents as proof of income, but landlords should still ensure the potential tenant will be able to afford the monthly rent price and take note of when the benefits are set to expire.
Should you reject applicants who can’t provide proof of income for rental applications?
Landlords need to always follow Fair Housing laws when choosing who to rent to, but renters should understand that showing proof of income is an industry standard for renting. Landlords need to protect their investment by double-checking the renter can afford to make on-time rent payments monthly. Always set screening criteria as a landlord so you can find the best tenant for your property.